Endocrine Disruption… Huh? Why Should We Care?

Many of us have no idea what “those people” are talking about when they mention endocrine disruptors. Sounds like something foreign and insignificant, or at least it did to me, until something caught my attention a few years ago.

It turns out that the endocrine system is a hugely busy and important system in our bodies, one well worth looking into and trying to understand. When we start to understand how important this system is, we might start to notice how we are (unwittingly) damaging ourselves, or rather, being damaged, because there are so many endocrine disrupting chemicals allowed into our daily lives now.

It is so much easier to stop causing harm (in whatever ways we are able) when we understand what the problems are, and so difficult, if not impossible, when we remain oblivious. In this case, sticking our heads in the sand will not only harm us, it has the potential to also harm our grandchildren and their grandchildren.

endocrine system

 

(image from EcoWatch, link below)

The Endocrine System

A really nice (copyrighted) illustration is on this page:

http://www.epa.gov/endo/pubs/edspoverview/whatare.htm

“The endocrine system regulates all biological processes in the body from conception through adulthood and into old age, including the development of the brain and nervous system, the growth and function of the reproductive system, as well as the metabolism and blood sugar levels. The female ovaries, male testes, and pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands are major constituents of the endocrine system.”

ISSUES

The really disturbing thing is, that we are exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals on a daily basis now.

A simple explanation of endocrine disruptors (last revised 11/25/1998):

  1. What is the endocrine system?
  2. What is an endocrine disruptor?
  3. What are some likely routes of exposure to endocrine disruptors?
  4. How do we know that endocrine disruptors are dangerous?
  5. Should humans be concerned for their health based on evidence that animals have been affected?
  6. Is there direct evidence that humans are susceptible to endocrine disruption?
  7. Are children at greater risk from endocrine disruptor exposure?
  8. These days don’t chemicals have to be safe to be allowed on the market?
  9. What can I do to reduce my risk of exposure?

http://www.nrdc.org/health/effects/qendoc.asp

Estrogen mimics at low doses change how brain cells manage dopamine...

“scientists find that extremely low levels of some types of environmental estrogens disrupt specialized brain cells and their ability to regulate brain chemistry. All of the EEs tested changed the way cells released and reabsorbed dopamine, an important chemical messenger that governs movement and pleasure.”

“The widely variable substances are present in plastics, PCBs, pesticides and herbicides, pharmaceutical products, and personal care products. While the amounts found in these products are often extremely small, the sheer volume of items containing them makes exposure unavoidable.

People around the planet are exposed to estrogenic compounds on a daily basis. The constant exposure to low levels may contribute to the potential to harm human health…”

http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/low-level-EEs-alter-dopamine-from-brain-cells/

Republicans Attack Fed Scientist for Linking Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals to Health Effects

“The Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Linda Birnbaum, PhD, is being criticized by some Republicans for authoring an article that describes linkages between endocrine disrupting chemicals and the onset of disease, as well as the need to understand and monitor the effects of these chemicals. Instead of encouraging efforts for greater understanding of these chemicals, the members of Congress instead blasted the article as a potential breach of National Institutes of Health (NIH) policy. NIEHS, a program of NIH, seeks to reduce the burden of human illness and disability by understanding how the environment influences the development and progression of human disease.”    (image posted above is from this article)

“The short article, When Environmental Chemicals Act Like Uncontrolled Medicine, published online May 7 in Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, lays out the case that environmental chemicals can produce unwanted endocrine effects, leading to an increase in certain diseases.”   …

http://www.ecowatch.com/republicans-attack-fed-scientist-for-linking-hormone-disrupting-chemic-1881765982.html

When Environmental Chemicals Act Like Uncontrolled Medicine,

“Over the past 40 years we have seen a 57% increase in prostate cancer, 40% in breast cancer, 85% increase in hypospadias (penile defects), and a 50% reduction in sperm count [1]. In addition, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased by 30%, autism spectrum disorders have doubled in the past 10 years [2], obesity has doubled in the past 30 years [3], and the number of US adults with diabetes has more than tripled since 1980. Clearly we must look to the environment as the primary cause of such increases because the human genome has not changed over the same time-period. Endocrine disruptors are likely to be a key factor in the surge of many diseases and disorders.

Endocrine disruptors (Figure 1) are ‘exogenous agents that interfere with the production, release, transport, metabolism, binding, action or elimination of the natural hormones in the body responsible for the maintenance of homeostasis and the regulation of developmental processes’ [4]. The case linking environmental chemicals with altered or abnormal endocrine activity is strong.”

Endocrine disruptors and asthma-associated chemicals in consumer products

…”We detected 55 compounds, indicating a wide range of exposures from common products. Vinyl products contained > 10% bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and could be an important source of DEHP in homes. In other products, the highest concentrations and numbers of detects were in the fragranced products (e.g., perfume, air fresheners, and dryer sheets) and in sunscreens. Some products that did not contain the well-known endocrine-disrupting phthalates contained other less-studied phthalates (dicyclohexyl phthalate, diisononyl phthalate, and di-n-propyl phthalate; also endocrine-disrupting compounds), suggesting a substitution. Many detected chemicals were not listed on product labels.” …

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22398195

New tests reveal many pesticides block male hormones

http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/news/pesticides-block-male-hormones

WHO: Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)

http://www.who.int/ceh/risks/cehemerging2/en/index.html

Letter to the president about chemicals disrupting our bodies: Theo Colborn

The Fossil Fuel Connection
  FUEL FOR THOUGHT AND MOTIVATION

“In 1991, an international group of experts stated, with confidence, that “Unless the environmental load of synthetic hormone disruptors is abated and controlled, large scale dysfunction at the population level is possible.”1

They could not perceive that in ten years a pandemic of endocrine-driven disorders would begin to emerge and increase rapidly across the northern hemisphere.

And that today, …, hardly a family has not been touched by Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, autism, intelligence and behavioral problems, diabetes, obesity, childhood, pubertal and adult cancers, abnormal genitalia, infertility, Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s Diseases.



TEDX has also confirmed that the feed stocks for most endocrine disrupting chemicals are derived from the production of coal, oil, and natural gas.

It is clear that endocrine disruption, like climate change, is a spin-off of society’s addiction to fossil fuels.

“Setting aside the effects of endocrine disruptors on infertility, and just considering their influence on intelligence and behavior alone, it is not improbable that hormone disruption could pose a more imminent threat to humankind than climate change.

http://www.endocrinedisruption.com/endocrine.fossilfuel.php

Fossil fuels come out of the ground contaminated with toxic byproducts. Both the fuel and the byproducts are used to create such things as plastics, pesticides, flame retardants, and fragrances. These chemical products are now present in our homes, schools and work places, in toys, clothing, cosmetics, sunscreens, electronics, furniture, cleaning products, lawn care products, food packaging, automobiles, building materials, and more. As tests have been refined to detect very low chemical concentrations, they have been found in our air, our soil and our water, as well as in every human being ever tested. They have even been measured in the umbilical cord blood of newborn babies.

“The Disappearing Male is about one of the most important, and least publicized, issues facing the human species: the toxic threat to the male reproductive system.

The last few decades have seen steady and dramatic increases in the incidence of boys and young men suffering from genital deformities, low sperm count, sperm abnormalities and testicular cancer”

http://www.cbc.ca/documentaries/doczone/2008/disappearingmale/index.html

WHAT YOU CAN DO to protect yourself
and future generations

http://www.endocrinedisruption.com/prenatal.criticalwindows.what.php

TEDX (The Endocrine Disruption Exchange, Inc.)

AVOID:

Fragrances in cleaning and personal care products.

Top 12 Tips for Greening Your Cleaning and Personal Care

see:

http://www.silentspring.org/tips-card-top-12-tips-greening-your-cleaning-and-personal-care

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6 responses to “Endocrine Disruption… Huh? Why Should We Care?

  1. I forgot to include this in the post, from earlier this year:

    “UN and WHO say hormone-disrupting chemicals are a ‘global threat’”

    https://lindasepp.wordpress.com/2013/02/19/un-and-who-say-hormone-disrupting-chemicals-are-a-global-threat/

  2. Another report on Endocrine Disruptors with a section on “Effects on human health and wildlife” that is worth checking out:

    ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS
    Solutions to new challenges

    A report on Endocrine Disruptors
    http://istas.net/web/abreenlace.asp?idenlace=9773

    Introduction 1
    1. Endocrine disruptors 3
    1.1. The hormone or endocrine system 3
    1.2. What are endocrine disruptors and how do they act? 6
    1.3. Effects on human health and wildlife 15
    1.4. Hazardous chemicals and activities 24
    1.5. Exposure to endocrine disruptors in Spain 28
    2. Case studies 37
    2.1. Alkylphenols (APEs) 37
    2.2. Biocides 30
    2.3. EPOXY RESINS – Bisphenol A (BPA) and Epichlorohydrin 42
    2.4. Mercury 44
    2.5. Pesticides 47
    3. Regulatory framework 49
    3.1. EU regulations 49
    3.2. National regulations 51
    4. Proposals 53

    October 2012
    Published by: Instituto Sindical de Trabajo, Ambiente y Salud (ISTAS)
    ISTAS is a non-profit, technical foundation promoted by a major Spanish trade union confederation (CC.OO.) for the promotion of occupational health and environmental protection

  3. Insurance companies are starting to take endocrine disrupting chemicals seriously.

    “Human and animal life is widely exposed to many artificial substances that interfere with the sensitively constructed hormonal system. Substances that interfere with hormones are called Endocrine Disrupting compounds/chemicals (EDC). EDCs are a truly emerging risk.

    There is strong evidence for negative effects on animal organisms and mounting evidence for effects on human health.

    Evidence is mounting that specific substances are connected to human bodily injuries.

    For the risk management of liability insurers it is crucial to monitor this emerging risk. A greater clarity regarding the associated costs has to be achieved.

    The paper gives a brief introduction to the risk and it aims at increasing awareness. A dialogue should be started taking into account risk-mitigation strategies and the involvement of all stakeholders.”

    http://www.thecroforum.org/endocrine-disruptors/

    Download PDF Report from the link

    “The CRO Forum is a high-level discussion group formed and attended by Chief Risk Officers of major European listed, and some non-listed, insurance companies. All information on this website is provided for discussion purposes only and is subject to change without prior notice.”

  4. Pingback: Are the Wrong People in Solitary Confinement? | Seriously "Sensitive" to Pollution

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